>> Bourbon Basics
>> How to drink Bourbon?
>> Best Bourbon under $100
>> Bourbon flavors explained
But you don't. Not necessarily because you are a good friend—though I'm sure that you are—but instead because they will invariably want some too.
And as any Bourbon drinker worth her Pappy Van Winkle knows, your friend is not ready for that yet. It takes time and practice to build your palate to where you can appreciate the subtle nuances of a well-aged Bourbon or handle the power of a barrel-proof one. If you hand your young Bourbon padawan a glass of Stagg, they will choke, cough, and possibly be turned off of Bourbon forever.
Let’s start with some basics. There are certain ‘’musts’’ when it comes to Bourbon.
- Today Bourbon must be distilled no higher than 160 proof, barreled no higher than 125 proof and bottled no lower than 80 proof.
- Bourbon must be aged in a brand-new, charred white oak barrel and it has to be matured. An age statement on the label is only required if the Bourbon is less than two years old, but many older ones proudly proclaim their tenure in the barrel.
1. Neat or straight
The best drinking vessel to bring out the richness of aromas and flavors is Glencairn glass. It combines both form and function to deliver the ultimate tasting experience. If you don’t own one, any tulip shaped glass or Whisky tumbler is perfectly ok.
2. On the rocks
3. With water
These Bourbons under $100 are a real taste sensation, however, don't blast your budget!
For a drink that's as simple as Bourbon, there are a surprisingly large number of flavor variations on the shelf. It's almost counter-intuitive.
Almost all Bourbon begins with the same three or four ingredients: corn, barley, and rye or wheat. And yet, the flavors produced range from floral and fruity to spicy and dry with an entire library of notes in between. Most Bourbons can be classified in one of the typical flavor profiles - a good place for your friends to start their journey of finding the right one.
You would have to forgive a beginner for thinking all Bourbon is sweet. Bourbon aging takes place in new charred-oak barrels. Due to that charring process, compounds that create the flavors of caramel and vanilla are present in almost every Bourbon.
But some Bourbons are sweeter than others. Whether that is due to the time in the barrel, the mash bill or some other factor depends on the Bourbon. Bourbons characterized as sweet tend to lead with the flavors of vanilla, caramel, custard, butterscotch, marzipan, maple, honey or chocolate.
Which sweet Bourbons are for beginners?
Hot and Spicy Bourbons
When someone describes a Bourbon as spicy, they can mean one of two things. Spicy can mean hot like red pepper, or it can mean that a Bourbon is full of the spice flavors of baking spices.
Hot and spicy Bourbons are certainly the first. Sometimes this heat comes from the alcohol content, and sometimes it comes from where and how the Bourbon was aged.
In either case, it can present itself like the capsaicin from a red pepper. And like a spicy pepper, that heat can be very enjoyable if surrounded by the right blend of flavors.
Which hot and spicy Bourbons are for beginners?
Most of the time, floral flavors in a Bourbon are a by-product of the yeast used for fermentation. Along with carbon dioxide and ethanol, these little guys create flavor compounds that, when treated nicely, survive through distillation and maturation.
Floral notes, like honeysuckle or rose petals, often accompany fruity or herbal notes. Well- crafted floral Bourbons present floral notes as just one part of a well-balanced whole.
Which floral Bourbons are for beginners?
Baking Spice Bourbons
Spicy, when used to describe the flavors in a Bourbon, is usually describing the baking spices of nutmeg, cinnamon, allspice, and anise. These notes can come from any number of sources during the production of a Bourbon.
They can originate with the rye grain used in the cooking, the yeast used in the fermentation or the barrel used for the maturation. Or they could come from a combination of these.
Which baking spice Bourbons are for beginners?
By some estimates, at least 50 percent of a Bourbon's flavor comes from the barrel it matured in. And the longer the Bourbon spends in the barrel, the more flavor the Bourbon will pull from it.
At 4 years a Bourbon is usually considered fully matured. That doesn't stop producers from leaving their product in the barrel a few years longer to get more of that barrel flavor into the final product, though.
Many drinkers like the notes that a bit more time in oak will impart to their Bourbon. Almond, walnut, cedar, pecan and yes, oak are all familiar oak-derived flavors. Wood-forward Bourbons can be tannic like black tea or rich with flavors of leather and tobacco. They can also be very expensive and hard to appreciate for the beginner.
Which wood forward Bourbons are for beginners?
Grain-forward Bourbons are on the opposite end of the flavor spectrum from the wood- forward ones.
These Bourbons have been more gently aged and haven't picked up as many of the oak characteristics.
As such you get more of the flavor from the corn, barley, rye or wheat used in their creation. Think notes like hot cereal or cornbread.
Which grain-forward Bourbons are for beginners?
And last but not least, the wheated Bourbon legends like your Pappy Van Winkles, and Buffalo Trace Antiques that replace rye in their mash bill recipes, resulting in a sweeter and smoother profile (think rye bread vs. wheat bread).
So, after all of that, where should we point or give to Bourbon-loving friends? The first step in knowing what you like is trying new things. Luckily, we know just the place to go...